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All About Bosnia

GENERAL PROFILE OF BOSNIA

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Official name

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Location

Southeastern Europe, between 42°26′ and 45°15′ Northern Latitude and between 15°45′ and 19°41′ Eastern Longitude.
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Land Boundaries

Total 1,537 km, with Croatia 931 km, with Montenegro 249 km, with Serbia 357 km. Coastline: 21.2 km.

Area

51 129 km2

Terrain

Dinarric mountains in the central and southern part, plains in the north along the river Sava.

Climate

Continental-hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool nean – long, hot summers and mild, rainy winters. Average January temperatures: Sarajevo, Zenica 1°C, Mostar 5°C; Tuzla, Bihać, Banja Luka 0° C. Average July temperatures: Sarajevo, Zenica, Tuzla, Bihać, Banja Luka 21°C; Mostar 25°C.

Population

4 354 911

Population Density

85.2 per km2

race distribution

Official Languages

Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian

Main Cities

Sarajevo (Capital), Mostar, Tuzla, Zenica, Banja Luka, Bihać

HEALTH

Age Distribution

0-14

23%

15-59

65%

>60

11%

 

Life Expectancy

Male: 69.2 – Female: 74.6

Birth Rate

14.9 per 1000 population

Death Rate

4.8 per 1000 population

TRANSPORT

Roads

length 21,677 km

Railroads

length 1,040 km

Passanger cars

450 298

ECONOMY

Major primary commodities

Wood, Coal, Mineral

Manufactured products

Textiles, Clothing & Footwear, Chemical, Electrical and Machinery Iron, Steel & Aluminum

Energy

Electricity, Coal & Coke

Labor force

Industry & Mining 44%, Agriculture 3.6%; Construction 7.4%, Services 45%

FINANCE

Monetary unit

Convertible Mark (1 KM = 1 DEM)

Gross domestic product

US$ 3.4 billion

Per capita GDP

US$ 880

Imports

US$ 1.5 billion

Exports

US$ 1.5 billion

EDUCATION

Primary and secondary education

532,468 (1990/91)

Full-time and part-times students

34,644 (1990/91)

Graduate students

4,498 (1991)

-total in the period of 1964-91

161,683

Graduate students of the 3rd degree

162 (1991)

-total in the period of 1972-91

2,374

Doctors of sciences

88 (1991)

-total in the period of 1972-91:

1,319

 

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